1. At what age should I take my child to the dentist for the first check-up?
- A child from an early age has a dental capital that must be protected. So the child must be taught to keep hygiene, to brush the teeth and to visit the dentist regularly. The first visit is usually between the age of 2 and 3, when the baby teeth have already appeared.
In this case the presence of the accompanying adult is highly recommended. The child needs to be comforted. All of a sudden the child enters an unfamiliar world and meets medical staffl dressed in overalls, masks and gloves. After 6 years of age the child begins to be more independent. The child often agrees to enter the dental surgery alone while the adult remains in the waiting room.
2. What are sealants and is this the way to keep children’s teeth healthy?
Sealants are dental material covering the grooves of permanent chewing teeth and thus become a barrier against bacteria that cause tooth decay. Most suitable for this prevention are children from 5 to 9 years old. In this period, the sixth teeth of the children mature and are mineralized and then they have to be protected by sealants.
Dental sealant is white or transparent plastic composite material based on curing plastic, which is placed on the chewing surfaces of the teeth, covering deep fissures to protect them from harmful bacteria accumulation and formation of cavities. Usually the sealants are placed on children, but they could be placed on adults’ teeth too. Sealant teeth are easier to be cleaned because their surface is smooth. They are effective because they contain fluoride and calcium, which further helps the mineralization of the teeth and makes them more resistant to decay.
3. Should baby (primary) teeth be treated although they will be changed?
- Yes. They must be treated and not drawn prematurely because they keep the place of permanent teeth. If the child has a baby tooth decay it is necessary to put a filling to prevent further infection and formation of pus sack on the gum. But even in such cases, the tooth can be healed and kept in the mouth to the appearing of the permanent tooth. An untreated baby tooth can affect the permanent tooth germ. Furthermore, the premature extraction of a primary tooth, which was not treated in time, causes the underlying permanent tooth to come out crookedly, resulting in changes in the whole dentition.
4. What risks to children's teeth does the use of a pacifier have? When should your child give it up so that not to harm the arrangement of the teeth?
In the first two years of life a pacifier does not constitute a special hazard to teeth. By its third year, the child must necessarily give it up. By that age the child jaw growth could flatten any damage on it, but not later.
Sucking on a pacifier leads to the appearance of gaps in bite / more severe are the effects of sucking fingers /. So children addicted to a pacifier often have seen bent forward incisors and canines. Distortion of the molars is also possible. This leads to "open bite", which prevents chewing, because the gap between the front teeth hinders the proper biting.
The longstanding use of pacifiers not only leads to gaps in the bite, but also to incorrect position and functioning of the tongue which hinders the sound articulation and the development of speech. Sounds like S and Z Cannot be pronounced correctly.
5. When can we begin the treatment of "crooked teeth"?
The best time to begin treatment is the age of 7-8. It is better to take the child from primary school to an orthodontist. It is possible to start treatment later, but it will be slower. There are cases of successful orthodontic treatment of 60-year-old patients.
6. What toothbrush should I use?
A soft tooth brush with a small head to reach the bottom of your mouth. Change it every 2-3 months. Let the brush be made of many individual tufts with rounded edges. These brushes have the most optimum cleaning surface. The pressure on the teeth and gums is equally distributed in the cleaning process.
7. What must the duration of brushing be?
Not more than 2-3 minutes, cleaning all surfaces of teeth with careful massaging, circular, horizontal and vertical movements of the brush. It is not desirable to press the brush hard because you may injure the gums and the enamel of your teeth.
8. What are the advantages of electric toothbrushes?
An electric toothbrush is recommended only in certain cases - for people who due to illness or age, may not brush their teeth properly. The main advantage in some models is that they may signal when your teeth and gums are clean enough.
9. Should I use dental floss?
Dental floss is useful for places where your toothbrush can not reach. Use it after you have brushed your teeth. If you cannot do it as often as you brush your teeth, use the floss before you go to bed. If the dental floss breaks or ruffles during cleaning this can be a sign of hidden caries.
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